Monthly Archives: February 2018


Jacking dance | Jacking dance Wiki | Jacking dance history

Jacking dance

Jacking, or the jack, could also be a race dance move among that the dancer ripples his or her trunk back associated forth in Associate in Nursing undulating motion.
Jacking developed in the late Eighties and is particularly related to Chicago house music.

Even as house music evolved from dance palace, jacking came from the quality of dance palace terpsichore. As house music evolved musically, the dance and movement related to house additionally began to vary.

Thematically, house music supported the associate abandonment of judgment and self-will, promoting the ecstasy of being enthralled with the beat. Post-sexual delirium is mirrored within the Chicago dance vogue referred to as “jacking”. Jacking replaced the girdle thrust and swag shaking of dance palace with a whole-body manic disorder of polymorphously perverse tics and convulsive pogo-ing.

In Europe, jacking caught-on as a move for a lot of uptempo house music, and was generally performed as a sexualized partner dance.

Pop culture

Jacking’s early exportation from the U.S. to Europe spawned a homecoming of kinds within the early Nineteen Nineties, at the side of the unfolding of the house. Janet Jackson’s “Rhythm Nation” and Madonna’s “Vogue” ar 2 illustration jacking beats that had huge crossover pop attractiveness, the most distinction between these pop songs and jackin’ beat being a small, “popped up” speed down of each meter and lyrics to create them a lot of appetizing to a thought audience.

Like most jackin’ moves, however, each singers’ corresponding videos featured extremely conventionalized, “hard” motion choreography that characterized each singers’ careers within the ’90s.

More recently, some renowned House artists like Stacy Captain Kidd and Jamiroquai have created use of Jack beats, typically incorporating them into house tracks. Jacking tracks like hip-house creative person Peven Everett’s dance-friendly hit “Stuck” ar emotional, housed-up lyrics and rhythms over a comparatively simple Jack beat.

a lot of growth of this underground Yankee Jack beat scene has occurred within the Acid and Deep house / emotional house veins, wherever jack rhythms typically coalesce with the deeper, polyrhythmic melodies from Afro-Cuban Jazz and WorldBeat genres.many of these jacking-influenced tracks and jack hybrid rhythms are generally listed at a lower place emotional House, Deep House, or in cases where dance hall or even neo-soul melodies ar used, Rare Grooves.

American, European and different worldwide thought audiences have the foremost contact with jack music and dance forms in up to date time productions of the myriad dance shows like America’s Best Dance Crew. different a lot of extremely conventionalized styles of the dance have found their manner into the house and break sessions of all types everywhere the globe, with several playing dance playing art magnets incorporating each jack music into a lot of ancient forms of stage dancing.

(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)


Melbourne Shuffle Dance | Melbourne shuffle dance wiki | Melbourne shuffle dance history

Melbourne Shuffle Dance

The Melbourne Shuffle (also referred to as Rocking or just The Shuffle) may be a rave and club dance that developed in the Eighties and early Nineteen Nineties.

This shuffle vogue became referred to as the ‘Melbourne Shuffle’ in 1998. several of the movements employed in shuffling square measure typical jazz dance steps however with an up to date twist. the design is additionally influenced by a Chicago based mostly Ghetto house dance referred to as footwork and a method referred to as the crip walk that originates in Arthur Compton LA.

The basic movements within the dance square measure a quick heel-and-toe action with a method appropriate for varied styles of electronic music. Most variants additionally incorporate arm movements. People who dance the shuffle have usually been spoken as “rockers”, due partially to the recognition of shuffling to popular music within the early Nineteen Nineties.


The origins of the name “Melbourne Shuffle” square measure unknown. The term was 1st delivered to the general public attention by Sonic Animation’s Prince Rupert Keiller throughout a TV interview in Sydney.

The Age spoken it as trying like “a cross between the chicken dance and a foot-stomping robot” to the untrained eye, and additionally used the term in their paper, however, locals merely referred to as it “stomping”. At nearer scrutiny, one might presume that its origins came on the onset of megacycle per second Hammer’s dance videos and later dance moves like “The Dougie”.

The early Nineteen Nineties

In the early ’90s, the Melbourne Shuffle began to emerge as a definite dance, incorporating additional hand movement than its forerunner, Stomping. The music genres originally danced to were Hardstyle, House music, and Acid house. As Trance music developed, therefore did the dance, with further accent organized on glide movements.

Where the Melbourne Shuffle was originally danced, the places weren’t thought-about to be named ‘raves’, however rather ‘dance parties’.

The mid-late Nineteen Nineties

A number of videos concerning the dance from this era exist because it redoubled in quality. several variations of this dance developed, however, the most heel-to-toe movement remained the key motion, giving it the name “the Melbourne Shuffle”. Notably arm-movements square measure way more current than in later renditions of the dance.


In 2004 a documentary titled Melbourne Shuffler began picture taking in Melbourne clubs, raves, festivals and out of doors events, before being free on a storage device in 2005.

By 2005, the Melbourne Shuffle had helped to vary the sound of laborious style and onerous trance music, with DJs and producers aiming at a relentless 140-160bpm speed. By 2006, the early laborious style was principally replaced by style and epic trance -influenced onerous trance music at modern shuffling clubs and raves.

Nustyle and additionally the newer quite toilsome trance targeted on swung elated orchestral-like trance melodies that will suddenly drop (such as by a house exciter) into a relentless kick drum that was of fascinating speed for shuffling to by the rockers.

In 2006 with the rising quality of YouTube, dancers internationally presently contribute to the Shuffle online, posting their own variations and learning from others. As additional individuals have practiced the dance, the dance itself has modified from the bulk of hand movements over feet movements, to gift day, wherever it’s largely supported keeping in time with bass beats.


In early to mid-2009 the recognition of the Melbourne Shuffle on YouTube began to calm, however not die, transferral on a brand new age of shufflers. The dance began to revert to what some individuals decision “Oldschool”.

This reversion of shuffling consisted largely of wide variations of the “T-Step” and borderline running man, and is accented by glides and spins. though this could be spoken as “Oldschool” this new age of fashion remains terribly totally different from the approach rockers within the ’90s dance. several of the new waves of rockers perform in cipher. a number of the younger individuals of this new wave square measure spoken as itty-bitty boppers (or ‘TB(s)’ for short).

TBs are usually delineated as being children that aren’t sufficiently old to attend raves, in order that they dance in school, on a street or in a park instead. people, UN agency participate in those aspects of the dance argue that enough of this Shuffle scene is influenced by Hip-Hop (such because of the currently widespread inclusion of the ‘Running Man’) that these activities square measure even.


Near the tip of 2012, severally from the (YouTube) movement that evolved from 2006 and onward, a method of shuffling relatable to the sooner designs surfaced in London. This vogue has been spoken as “Cutting shapes” or “Shape cutting”, “Konijnendans” within the Netherlands and additionally generally as “House shuffling”. Throughout the subsequent years, it’s gained quality within the UK, us and Spain and because the term mentioned earlier suggests Holland. Us era of shuffling slowly came to associate degree finish.


An over-involved Running Man
Originally consisting of the “T-Step” combined with arm movements, throughout the Nineteen Nineties the “Running Man” has been adopted into the dance, accentuating the new focus of keeping time with the beat.

The “Running man” involves a 2-step motion during which the front foot is brought backward with 2 hops whereas the rear foot is brought forward during a walking motion, making a “running on the spot” motion, thence the name. The “T-Step” may be a quick sideways heel-toe motion on one foot twisting at the gliding joint.

The dance is embellished by spins, arm pumps, slides, and kicks. stylish implementations of the dance embrace motions from different dances like Crip Walk, Toprock, and Jumpstyle, that have brought the less-adaptive t-step to the background. Some dancers even omit the t-step totally.

Some dancers sprinkle bath powder or apply the liquid to the ground below their feet to assist them to glide additional simply, some together with 360-degree spins or jumps into their moves. Others apply sleek plastic tape or adhesive tape to the soles of their shoes.

Although laborious style and onerous Trance has been a dominant genre to bounce on among the Melbourne Shuffle for many years, concerning the dance with “hardstyle” is inaccurate. “Hardstyle” is the associate degree umbrella term for several totally different rave dances globally, still as a genre of electronic music. Hardstyle may be a rave dance, whereas most alternative designs were usually performed in clubs and dance parties.

With the unfold of the Melbourne Shuffle through YouTube, saltation designs have evolved from {each other|one associate degreeother} to a degree during which individuals talk to designs with an abbreviation coming back from the world during which the design came from, like “AUS”/”Melb” (Australia/Melbourne), “MAS”/”Malay” (Malaysia) or “Cali” (California). These distinctions cause lots of confusion for newcomers and people UN agency square measure unacquainted the dance.

The Melbourne Shuffle, just like the T-step needs stamina and a momentum. Repetitive, fast, powerful movements of the feet and fast switches outline an honest shuffle. Dancers should be able to exhibit these moves swimmingly to grant the impression of an easy slippy on feet.


The Melbourne Shuffle dance vogue has remained relatively underground since its birth among the late ’80s and early ’90s. The term “Melbourne Shuffle” was recorded among the media once Sonic Animation’s Prince Rupert Keiller was interviewed by Rage, degree all-night Australian music TV program. The inquirer asked Prince Rupert what his distinctive sort of dance was and also the reply was “the Melbourne Shuffle”. In Dec 2002 The Age, associate degree Australian newspaper, created mention of the term during a front-page article, making an attempt parenthetically what the popular Melbourne Shuffle was for the primary time to the thought public.

Shufflers have taken their kind and self-expressive dance vogue overseas and square measure a daily sight to be seen at rave parties within the United Kingdom, Germany, Malaysia and additionally Asian country, wherever shufflers will be seen shuffling on the beaches of Koh Phangan throughout the total Moon Beach Party. the net has additionally been an element in spreading data and interest within the shuffle.

In 2004, Six Flags launched an advert campaign that includes Mr. Six: associate degree recent man UN agency performed the Melbourne Shuffle still as Jumpstyle and Techtonik.

A documentary on the subject entitled Melbourne Shuffler was in production throughout 2004–2005 and was free in late 2005 on the optical disk. Another vast contributor to the celebrity and recognition of the Melbourne Shuffle is YouTube. each shuffler and shuffle crew found themselves able to support the Melbourne Shuffle and swank their own vogue and moves; these videos captured everyone’s attention.

On vi Sept 2008, Network ten had started cinematography footage at the laborious vogue Dance (HSD).spot for associate degree coming Documentary on the Melbourne Shuffle, though no alternative news has surfaced when the cinematography of the footage.

In Gregorian calendar month 2008, “So you’re thinking that you’ll be able to Shuffle”, associate degree Australian YouTube-based video selection competition website was launched, wherever Shufflers from around the country will showcase their dance skills, comment, and vote on alternative videos. beginning in 2009 “So you are thinking that you will be able to Shuffle” to boot started hosting official shuffle meet-ups and competitions around Australia and state.

In Dec 2008, The Daily Mercury, an Australian state publication, according to on a story concerning the Melbourne Shuffle’s presence in Mackay. It cited the city’s high YouTube exposure in comparison to alternative major cities in the Australian state.

In August 2009, the German band Scooter featured the shuffle performed by we have a tendency to Dance laborious veterans Missaghi “Pae” Peyman Mitt within the video for the only “J’adore Hardcore”, that was partially recorded in Melbourne.

The official music video for The Black popeyed Peas single “The Time” shortly options dancers (including himself) during a nightclub playacting the Melbourne Shuffle.

The hip-hop cluster LMFAO featured many electro house dancers, together with members of Quest Crew, playacting the shuffle in their “Party Rock Anthem” music video. LMFAO additionally organized a web shuffle contest for his or her video, the winner (Andrew Furr) appeared in their Party Rock Anthem video because of the Shuffle larva. LMFAO square measure is seen doing the Shuffle within the music videos for his or her singles “Champagne Showers”, “Sexy and that I apprehend It”, and “Sorry for Party Rocking”.

In 2011 League of Legends free a temperament named Viktor UN agency can perform the Melbourne Shuffle by typing /dance into the chat.
In Arenanet’s two012 MMORPG guild Wars, 2 a person’s character will perform the Melbourne Shuffle by typewriting /dance into the chat.

In 2017 the Blizzard’s Federal Protective Service Overwatch free a shuffle saltation represent for a personality named Sombra throughout the event for the game’s one year day of remembrance.

(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)


Swing dance | Swing dance history | Swing dance wiki

Swing Dance

“Swing dance” may be a cluster of dances which was developed with the swing variety of jazz music inside the 1920s-1940s, with the origins of each dance predating the popular “swing era”. throughout the swing era, there are several forms of swing terpsichore, but people who have survived on the so much facet that era includes:

Terpsichore, Balboa, collegial Shag, and Charleston. Today, the foremost well-known of these dances is that the Terpsichore, that originated in Harlem inside the first Nineteen Thirties. whereas the majority of swing dances began in African yank communities as vernacular African yank dances, some swing era dances, like Balboa, developed outside of these communities.

Somewhat astonishingly, “swing dance” wasn’t unremarkably accustomed establish a bunch of dances till the latter half the twentieth century. traditionally, the term “Swing” spoken the fashion of jazz music, that impressed the evolution of the dance. Jitterbug is an associate umbrella term that denotes all types of swing dance, although it’s typically used as an equivalent word for the six-count spinoff of social dancing known as “East Coast Swing”.

it absolutely was conjointly common to use the word to spot a sort of dancer (i.e., a swing dancer). A “jitterbug” may favor dancing social dancing, Shag, or any of the opposite swing dances. The term was magnificently related to swing era bandleader Cab Calloway as a result of, as he places it, “[The dancers] appear as if a bunch of jitterbugs out there on the ground owing to their quick, typically bouncy movements.

Forms of swing dance The term “swing dancing” is usually extended to incorporate different dances that don’t have bound characteristics of ancient swing dances: West Coast Swing, geographic region Shag, geographic region Swing, Hand terpsichore, Jive, Rock and Roll, trendy Jive, and different dances developed throughout the Forties and later. Jazz Woogie and Rock ‘n’ get into native swing dance cultures.

Original forms of geological dating from the Nineteen Twenties and early Nineteen Thirties
Lindy Hop evolved within the early Nineteen Thirties.

it’s a dance of African Yankee origin characterized by a high degree of physical vigor. it’s characterized by associate 8-count circular basic or “swing out” and has a stress on improvisation and also the ability to simply adapt to incorporate different steps in 8-count and 6-count rhythms.

The name “Lindy Hop” is usually attributed to “Shorty” George Snowden throughout associate interaction with a communicator World Health Organization asked him what reasonably dance they were doing. as a result of Lucky Lindy had simply created his known solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, Shorty George is alleged to own replied, “the social dancing.”

whether or not it absolutely was Shorty George World Health Organization coined the name is controversial by some writers, but, in any case, the name stuck. The head cabbage room in Harlem was the house of the social dancing. As its quality redoubled, skilled troupes were fashioned. The earliest style of the dance (often known as “Pure Balboa”) evolved within the principally conservative dance halls of southern Calif.

Wherever area was restricted and strict codes of conduct were implemented. These dance halls typically prohibited the wild kicks of the Charleston and social dancing. Pure Balboa is characterized by associate upright posture with partners standing chest to chest and pineapple. There aren’t any spins or turns and also the dancers stay in-tuned through the higher chest the least bit times.

Not exploit abundant scope for variations, pure Balboa is associate in and of itself terribly easy dance. The few step variations typically play with the rhythm or look and feel (style) from below the knee down and manage changes in direction. Balboa is commonly danced to fast jazz (usually one thing from 100 and eighty to 320 gait beats per minute), though many want to Balboa to slower (170-190 BPM) tempi. whereas most dancers differentiate between pure Balboa and Bal Swing, each area unit thought-about to be a region of the dance.

Bal Swing evolved from Balboa once original Balboa dancers experimented with admirer variations of the dance that forced the chest to chest association to be broken. in this style of Bal a range of spins, turns, dips, tricks, and even air steps area unit introduced. These improvisations area unit permissible provided the vogue and framework stay true in spirit to the initial dance and area unit combined with original Balboa footwork.

Collegiate Shag (or “Shag”) is completed primarily to uptempo swing and typically pre-swing jazz music (185-200+ beats per minute). it’s believed that the dance originated within the Carolinas within the Nineteen Twenties, later spreading across us throughout the Nineteen Thirties. The shag continues to be danced these days by swing dance enthusiasts worldwide. Shag is believed to own been the primary and most well-liked swing dance of the initial swing era

Lindy Charleston is extremely almost like the initial Charleston of the Nineteen Twenties, solely the heartbeat of the dance is lowered (the up-and-down motion within the pulse emphasizes the downward movement) to match that of the social dancing. this way of Charleston includes the variety of positions, as well as side-by-side, close, and tandem. In “jockey position”, the closed position is opened out in order that each partner might face forward, while not calling it off.

In side-by-side Charleston, partners open the closed position entirely, in order that their sole points of association area unit at their touching hips and arm contact, whereby the leader’s paw and arm bit the follower’s back and also the follower’s manus and arm bit the leader’s shoulder and arm. each partner then swings their free arms as they’d in solo Charleston. In each jockey and side-by-side Charleston, the leader steps back onto his left foot, whereas the follower steps back onto her right.

In cycle Charleston, one partner stands before of the opposite (usually the follower, although the arrangement might vary), each face within the same direction to start out, and each begin by stepping back onto the left foot. The partner behind holds the front partner’s hands at the latter’s hip height, and their joined arms swing backward and forwards, as within the basic step.

Forms of geological dating from the late Nineteen Thirties and early Forties

St. Joe Louis shag (or “Shag”) could be a dance that evolved out of the Charleston. As its name suggests, it’s recognized as having started in St. Louis, Missouri. St. Joe Louis Shag options a stationary 8-count basic that’s most typically composed of triple-step, kick, triple-step, kick. it’s an awfully quick closed position dance that’s typically done to stomp, jump, and blues music.

The dance that eventually became called the massive Apple is purported to are created within the early Nineteen Thirties by African-American youth terpsichore at the massive Apple Club, that was at the previous House of Peace house of worship on Park Street in Columbia, South geographic region. The house of worship was reborn into a black juke house known as the “Big Apple Night Club”.
Little Apple This dance was a partnered version of the massive Apple, that is additionally believed to own originated within the Carolinas of the Southern us.

Derivatives of swing dance from the 40s and Fifties

East Coast Swing may well be a simpler 6-count variation that spawned from the six-count variations of the Terpsichore. It evolved with the swing-band music of the 40s and additionally the work of the Arthur Murray dance studios inside the 40s. It is jointly referred to as Six-count Swing, Triple-Step Swing, or Single-Time Swing.

geographical region Swing has really simple structure and footwork at the side of basic moves and’s well-liked for its easy nature and is usually danced to slow, medium, or quick tempo jazz, blues, or rock and roll. often, Rockabilly, aka Rock-a-billy, is mistaken for geographic region Swing, however, popular music genre is a lot of closely associated with Western Swing.

West Coast Swing was developed in the Forties, as a rhetorical variation on the l. a. type of the social dancing. it’s a slotted dance and is completed to a good sort of music including blues, rock and roll, country western, pop, hip-hop, smooth, cool jazz, R& B, and funk music.

It’s well-liked throughout us and North American nation, however, was uncommon in Europe and far from Asia till the twenty-first Century. West-coast-swing communities area unit growing in Australia, Brazil, France, India, New Island, Ukraine, Romania, the UK, et al…

Western Swing has long been the name for the jazz-influenced western music of the Forties and, by extension, two-step, line terpsichore or swing dance done to such music. modern twenty-first century Country Swing or Terpsichore or “Country Western Swing Dancing” (C/W Swing) contains a distinct culture, with categories and educational videos on YouTube and videodisk teaching dips, lifts, aerials, and flips.

It adds variations from different country dances, swing designs, condiment and a lot of. because the name suggests, it’s most frequently danced to country and western music.
Boogie-woogie developed originally in the Forties, with the increase of jazz woogie music.

It’s well-liked these days in Europe and was thought-about by some to be the ECU counterpart to geographic region Swing, a 6-count dance standardized for the Yankee room business. it’s danced to rock’n’roll of varied types, blues or jazz Woogie music however typically to not jazz. because the dance has developed, it’s conjointly taken to 8-count variations and swing outs almost like social dancing, whereas keeping the initial jazz Woogie footwork.

Carolina Shag was danced on the strands between Myrtle Beach, South geographic region, and Wilmington, North geographic region, throughout the Forties, however, throughout the Nineties and later, has enlarged to several different places.

It’s most frequently related to beach music, that refers to songs that area unit rhythm-and-blues-based and, in line with Bo Bryan, a noted shag student and resident of Beaufort County could be a term that was coined at geographic region Beach, North geographic region.
Imperial Swing could be a cross between geographic region and West Coast Swing because it is completed in a slot and within the spherical.

It started at the Club Imperial in St Joe Louis. George Edick, World Health Organization in hand the club, let teenagers dance on the lower level and also the swing dancers of the time tutored them what was learned from their visits to the geographic region. As individuals traveled around, they adscititious components of West Coast, bop, and geographic region shag to enhance the dance and create it distinctive.

“The Imperial” has parts of “East Coast”, “West Coast”, “Carolina Shag” and “Bop”.
Jive could be a dance of International vogue ballroom dance. it’s an awfully upbeat dance within which the performers look to be hopping off the bottom.

It at the start was supported by Japanese swing taken to England by Yankee Troops in War II and evolved before changing into the currently standardized style of these days.
Skip Jive could be a British variant of the Jive, well-liked within the Fifties and Sixties, danced to jazz.

Modern Jive (also called LeRoc and Ceroc©) developed within the Eighties, seemingly from a French style of Jive. trendy Jive is not technically of the Jive family, that sometimes use a 6-count pattern of various combos of walking and triple steps (Ballroom Jive – back/replace triple-triple; Swing Jive – triple-triple back/replace), etc.

It’s pared all the means right down to a straightforward box step and concentrates on the easier sorts of couple dance styling, gauged to provide a social atmosphere rather than technical ability.

There area unit debates regarding whether or not it’s a style of swing terpsichore owing to lack of syncopations, pulsing footwork variations, a static partner dynamic, and lack of swinging music, amongst the swing community at massive, however, they are doing take into account themselves a mode of swing.

Rock and Roll – Developing inside the Fifties in response to rock and roll music, rock-and-roll is very a la mode in Australia and danced socially still as competitively and in performances. the style contains a protracted association with dancing in this country, as many of the earliest social dancingpers inside the first Nineteen Nineties enraptured to Lindy Hop from a rock-and-roll tradition.

There square measure in progress debates regarding whether or not rock-and-roll constitutes swing saltation, significantly in regard to the music to that it’s danced: there’s some dialogue on whether or not or not it swings.

Acrobatic popular music genre – in style in Europe, active popular music genre is popularly related to Russian gymnasts World Health Organization took up the dance, although it’s in style throughout Europe these days. it’s a performance dance and sport instead of a social dance, although there square measure those who take away the active stunts to bop it on a social level.

Washington Hand saltation originated around Washington, DC in the mid-1950s, and a brand new generation of dancers started innovating and saltation to port music. From its really beginning, DC Hand-dance was same and stated as “DC Hand-Dance/Hand-Dancing”, “DC Swing”, “DC Style” (swing) and “fast dance” (meaning DC Hand-Dance).

This may be the first time a version of “swing” dance was termed “hand-dance/hand-dancing”.DC Hand-Dance is characterized by terribly swish footwork and movements, and close-in and complicated hand-turns, danced to a 6-beat, 6-count dance rhythm.

The additional trendy footwork consists of swish and continuous floor contact, slippery and gliding-type steps versus hopping and jumping-type steps of the older vogue that stylistically still control parts of its Jitterbug/Lindy Hop roots, and there are not any aerials.

Push and Whip square measure American state types of swing dance developed in the Forties and Fifties. they’re slotted swing dances, danced to a good style of music as well as blues, pop, jazz, and rock and roll.

almost like geographic area Swing, they emphasize the closed position, double resistance/rock step, and lead-follow and conjointly incorporate Byzantine arm work. Slow Whip could be a variation on Whip/Push that’s danced to slow blues music, usually sixty M.M. or slower.

Swing saltation these days

Swing saltation was most well-liked within the Thirties and Forties, however, it still continues these days. Dance moves have evolved with the music. Swing saltation designs square measure the muse of the many alternative dance designs as well as ballroom, country line saltation, and hip-hop. Swing saltation clubs and contests square measure still control around the world.


Traditionally, distinctions square measure created between “Ballroom Swing” and “Jazz Dance Swing” designs. geographical region Swing could be a standardized dance in “American Style” social dancing, whereas Jive could be a standardized dance in “International Style”; but each of those is the “Ballroom Swing” umbrella.

Jazz Dance forms (evolved in dance halls) versus room forms (created for room competition format) square measure completely different in look. Jazz Dance forms embrace social dancing, Balboa, collegial Shag, and Charleston.

Types of competition

Dance competitions specify that forms square measure to be judged, and square measure usually offered in four completely different formats:

Strictly: One couple competitory along in varied heats, to indiscriminately elect music, wherever no pre-choreographed steps square measure allowed.

Jack and Jill: wherever leaders and followers square measure indiscriminately matched for the competition. In initial rounds, leaders and followers typically vie one by one, however in final rounds, rating depends on the power of the partner you draw and your ability to figure therewith partner. Some competitions hold a Jill-and-Jack division where leaders ought to be women and followers ought to be men.

Showcase: One couple contending on for one song that has been previously choreographed.
Classic: almost like Showcase however with restrictions on lifts, drops, moves wherever one partner supports the burden of the opposite partner and moves wherever the partners aren’t in physical contact.


In {west coast|West Coast|geographical square measurea|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region} Swing the competitions are divided into sections by level of expertise. the degree square measure Newcomer, Beginner, Intermediate, and Advanced. there’s no official system within us to confirm that couples dance at the acceptable level of expertise.

Competitors ought to keep track of their own points and register consequently at competitions. Once you earn seven points in an exceedingly level, you’ll be able to now not dance at that level. There is no points system for the bulk of social dancing competitions.

Judging criteria

Swing saltation falls underneath the yank Rhythm class. There square measure many completely different classes of competitions counting on what variety of dance you are doing. every style of Swing Dance and every organization among those forms can have varied rules, however, those most frequently used square measure force and tailored for room usage.

Judging for the competition is predicated on the 3 “T’s” (below) still as attainment (unless the competition in question designates the audience because of the deciding factor). The 3 “T’s” consist of:

Timing – associated with tempo & rhythm of the music.

Teamwork – however well a frontrunner and follower dance along and lead/follow dance variations.
Technique – however clean and precise the cooperative saltation is dead.
Showmanship consists of presentation, creativity, costumes, and problem.

Lindy Hop’s most prestigious events haven’t used these criteria, typically having the straightforward judgment worth as World Health Organization was the best/most-impressive social dancing couple. The full moon Ball competition in the big apple town, The yank Vernacular Jazz Institute’s Hellzapoppin’ Competition, and therefore the final social dancing encounter all represent this class.


Most competition dance floors will solely hold regarding twelve couples saltation at a time. If the quantity of participants is larger than what the ground will hold, the competition can hold qualifying rounds. Once they get to twenty-four couples there’ll then be the match spherical (2 separate rounds of regarding twelve each), then the match (1 spherical of regarding 12), and eventually the ultimate spherical (1 spherical, typically half dozen or seven couples).

Team formations

Additionally, a “Team Formation” division may additionally be given at a contest. underneath this category, a minimum of 3 to 5 couples (depending on individual competition rules) performs a pre-choreographed routine to a song of their choosing, where the cluster dances in synchronization and into fully totally different formations. This division is in addition judged victimization the three “T’s” and showmanship; however, the factors presently apply to the team as a full.

Social swing saltation

Many, if not most, of the swing dances listed on top of square measure in style as social dances, with vivacious native communities that hold dances with DJs and live bands that play music most acceptable for the popular dance vogue. There square measure often active native clubs and associations, categories with freelance or studio-/school-affiliated academics and workshops with visiting or native academics. Most of those dance designs — like several alternative designs — conjointly feature special events, like camps or lindy hop exchanges.


The historical development of express swing dance styles was sometimes in response to trends in the music genre. for example, the Twenties and solo Charleston was – and is – generally danced to 2/4 ballroom music or ancient jazz, Terpsichore was danced to jazz (a quite swinging jazz), and social dancing Charleston to either ancient or swing jazz.

Region Swing is often danced to Pop, R&B, Blues, or Funk. Western Swing and Push/Whip square measure typically danced to country and western or Blues music. There square measure native variations on these musical associations in every dance scene, usually wise to by native DJs, dance academies, and bands.

Modern swing dance bands active within the U.S. throughout the Nineteen Nineties and 2000s embrace several modern jazz massive bands, swing revival bands with a national presence like Lavay Smith and Her hot dog cooking pan Lickers (based in San Francisco),

and local/regional jazz bands that specialize in 1930s-1940s swing/Lindy musical genre, just like the Swingout dance band, hotness Swing Orchestra, and city Swing Orchestra (Boston), The Boilermaker dance band (Pittsburgh), the Southside Aces (Minneapolis), Gordon Webster Septet (New York), apple Stout and His field five (Los Angeles) and so the apple Stout Orchestra that features Hilary Alexander (Los Angeles),

The Flat Cats (Chicago), traveller Crytzer and his Syncopators (Seattle), the male monarch politician Swingtet (Seattle), The Gina Knight Orchestra (Chicago and explorer, IL), the male monarch politician Swingtet and so the Tom performing artist Orchestra (Washington, D.C.), Sonoran Swing (Arizona), and so the Bill Elliott Swing Orchestra (Los Angeles).

( Shahinul Islam Uzzal)


Waltz dance | Waltz dance wiki | Waltz dance history

Waltz dance

There square measure many references to a slippy or soaring dance that may evolve into the waltz that originates in sixteenth-century Europe, together with the representations of the artist Hans Sebald Beham. The French thinker Michel Montaigne wrote of a dance he saw in 1580 in Augsburg, where the dancers management each other therefore closely that their faces touched.

Kunz Haas (of close to the same period) wrote, “Now they are humanistic discipline the impious Weller or Spinner. The vigorous peasant dancer, following associate self-generated knowledge of a load of fall, utilizes his surplus energy to press all his strength into the right beat of the bar, thus deepening his personal enjoyment in the humanistic discipline. The peasants of state, Tyrol, and Styria began performing arts with a dance known as Walzer, a dance for couples, around 1750. The Ländler, to boot referred to as the Schleifer, a country dance in 3/4 time, was trendy in a geographical region, Austria, and state, and unfold from the country to the suburbs of the city. whereas in the eighteenth century higher classes continued to bounce the minute, bored noblemen slipped away to the balls of their servants.

In the 1771 German novel Geschichte des Fräuleins von Sternheim by Sophie von La Roche, an idealistic character complains regarding the newly introduced waltz among aristocrats thus: “But once he places his arm around her, ironed her to his breast, cavorted along with her within the unashamed, indecent whirling-dance of the Germans and engaged in an exceedingly familiarity that skint all the bounds of excellent breeding—then my silent misery changed into burning rage.

Describing life in Vienna (dated at either 1776 or 1786[4]), Don Curzio wrote, “The individuals were performing arts-mad … the women of Vienna square measure notably celebrated for his or her grace and movements of waltzing of that they ne’er tire.” there’s a waltz within the second act finale of the 1786 opera Una Cosa Rara by Martin y Soler. Soler’s waltz was marked Andante con moto, or “at a walking pace with motion”, however the flow of the dance was sped-up in Vienna resulting in the Geschwindwalzer, and also the Galloppwalzer.

In the transition from country to town, the hopping of the Ländler, a dance known as Languages, became a slimy step, and soaring rotation replaced stamping rotation.
In the nineteenth century, the word primarily indicated that the dance was a turning one; one would “waltz” within the polka to point rotating instead of going uncomplicated while not turning.

The national capital custom is to anticipate slightly the second beat of every bar, creating it sounds as if the third is late and making a precise buoyancy. The younger Strauss (Johann Strauss II) would generally hack the one-two-three of the melody with a one-two pattern at intervals the accompaniment in conjunction with totally different rhythms, maintaining the 3/4 time whereas inflicting the dancers to bounce a ballroom dance waltz. The apparatus speed for a full bar varies between sixty and seventy, with the waltzes of the first Strauss (Johann Strauss I) generally contend faster than those of his sons.

Shocking many once it had been initially introduced,[8] the waltz became fashionable in Vienna around the time period, spreading to many totally different countries at intervals over the years to follow. keep with up to now singer archangel Kelly, it reached land in 1791.[9] throughout the war, force troopers of the King’s German Legion introduced the dance to the people of Bexhill, the region from 1804.

It became modern in GB throughout the Regency amount, having been created respectable by the endorsement of Dorothea Lieven, a woman of the Russian ambassador. diary keeper Thomas Raikes later recounted that “No event ever made thus nice a sensation in English society because of the introduction of the waltz in 1813. in the same year, a wry tribute to the dance by Lord George Gordon Byron was anonymously printed (written the previous autumn).

potent dance master and author of instruction manuals, Thomas Wilson printed an outline of the right methodology of Waltzing in 1816. Almack’s, the foremost exclusive club in London, allowable the waltz, tho’ the entry within the Oxford English wordbook shows that it had been thought-about “riotous and indecent” as late as 1825. within the Tenant of Wildfell Hall, by Anne Brontë, in an exceeding scene set in 1827, the native vicar Reverend Milward tolerates quadrilles and country dances, however, intervenes resolutely once a waltz is termed for, declaring “No, no, I do not enable that! come back, it is time to be going home.

The waltz, and particularly its closed position, became the instance for the creation of the many different dance palace dances. afterward, new styles of waltz have developed, together with many people and several other dance palace dances.


In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, various totally different waltz forms existed, together with versions performed in 3/4, 3/8 or 6/8 (sauteuse), and 5/4 time (5/4 waltz, [*fr1] and a half).
In the 1910s, a type known as the “Hesitation Waltz” was introduced by Vernon and Irene Castle.It incorporated “hesitations” and was danced to quick music. A hesitation is largely a halt on the standing foot throughout the complete waltz bar, with the moving foot suspended in the air or slowly dragged. Similar figures (Hesitation amendment, Drag Hesitation, and Cross Hesitation) square measure incorporated within the International commonplace Waltz curriculum.

The Country Western Waltz is generally progressive, moving counter-clockwise around the flooring. each the posture and frame square measure relaxed, with posture bordering on a slouch. The exaggerated hand and arm gestures of some dance palace designs don’t seem to be a part of this vogue. Couples could ofttimes dance within the promenade position, looking at native preferences. at intervals Country Western Waltz, there’s the Spanish Waltz and also a lot of fashionable (for the late 1930s- early 1950s) Pursuit Waltz. At just the once it had been a thought-about sick treatment for a person to form the lady walk backward in some locations.

In the province, the waltz was misbr by Mission clergymen until once in 1834 as a result of the “closed” dance position. thereafter a Spanish Waltz was danced. This Spanish Waltz was a combination of humanistic discipline around the house in the closed position and a “formation” dance of two couples facing each other and taking part in a sequence of steps. “Valse a Trois Temps” was the “earliest” waltz step, and conjointly the Rye Waltz was favored as some dance.
In up to date social dancing, the quick versions of the waltz square measure known as national capital Waltz as hostile to the Slow Waltz.

In ancient Irish music, the waltz was educated by travel performing arts masters to people who might afford their lessons throughout the nineteenth century. By the tip of that century, the dance unfolds to the center and lower categories of Irish society and ancient triple-tune tunes and songs were altered to suit the waltz rhythm. throughout the twentieth century, the waltz found a distinctively Irish enjoying vogue within the hands of Céilidh musicians at dances.

Waltz, by Camille Claudel (1893)

International commonplace Waltz has solely closed figures; that’s, the couple ne’er breaks the embrace.
The Yankee vogue Waltz, a part of the Yankee swish social dancing curriculum, in distinction to the International commonplace Waltz, involves breaking contact nearly entirely in some figures. for instance, the rhythmic Side-by-Side with Spin includes a free spin for each partner. Open rolls square measure ANother model of an open dance figure, within which the follower alternates between the lead’s left and right sides, with the lead’s left or right arm (alone) providing the lead. Waltzes were the staple of the many Yankee musicals and films, together with “Waltz in Swing Time” sung by the dancer.

The Scandinavian Waltz, performed as a neighborhood of Scandinavian folks dance, are often quick or slow, however, the dancers square measure invariably rotating.
The South American country via Waltz is termed and recognized in Peru as vals criollo.
The Mexican Waltz (Vals Mexicano) follows an equivalent basic prosody because the commonplace waltz, however, the melodies mirror a powerful Spanish influence. Mexico’s Juventino Rosas wrote “Sobre las Olas” or “Over the Waves”, ordinarily notable within the U.S. as a circus song contend throughout a swing show.

The Acadian Waltz is danced more and more around the floor, and is characterized by the delicate swaying of the hips and step terribly near standard walking. it’s danced entirely within the closed position.
The Cuban (or Tropical) Waltz follows the pattern of the quality waltz throughout the song.
The Venezuelan waltz provided a basis for distinctive regional music.

The Contra Waltz (Freeform Waltz), fencelike in most contra dance evenings, uses every open and closed position and incorporates moves from completely different dances like swing, trendy jive, and seasoning. essentially the dancers progress round the flooring with a waltz step, however with no constraints on what moves they will use.
The waltz shepherd’s pipe, a variety of waltz fashionable in France, started in the late nineteenth century.

The cross-step waltz (French waltz Boston) developed in France in the early twentieth century and is fashionable in social waltz teams nowadays.
In folks dance from the Elsass region, waltzes in odd meters like 5/4, 8/4 and 11/4 square measure found.
Estonian folks dance Labajalavalss (flat of the foot waltz) performed in 3/4 time.
Today each the quicker national capital Waltz, created forever fashionable by the Strauss family, and also the slower Yankee and International vogue waltzes square measure very fashionable dancers of all ages.

Sama’i (also called usual email) may be a vocal piece of Ottoman Turkish music composed in 6/8 meters. this kind and meter (usual in Turkish) are usually confused with the utterly totally different Saz Semaisi, AN instrumental type consisting of 3 to four sections, in 10/8 meter, or usual aksak email (broken email in Turkish). Semai is one in every of the foremost vital forms in Ottoman Turkish Sufi music.
The Tsamikos (Greek: Τσάμικος, Tsamikos) or Kleftikos (Greek: Κλέφτικος) is also a modern ancient people dance of Balkan country, done to the music of 3/4 meter.

(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)


Flamenco dance | Flamenco dance wiki | Flamenco dance history

Category : Dance

Flamenco dance

Flamenco (Spanish pronunciation: [flaˈmeŋko]), in its strictest sense, could also be a professionalized art-form supported the various folkloric music traditions of Southern European nation at intervals the autonomous communities of geographical area, Extremadura and an exceedingly wider sense, it refers to those musical traditions and additional trendy musical designs that have themselves been deeply influenced by and become blurred with the event of flamenco over the past 2 centuries. It includes cante (singing), toque (guitar playing), baile (dance), jaleo (vocalizations), Palmas (handclapping) and pitas (finger snapping).

The oldest record of flamenco dates to 1774 within the book Las Cartas Marruecas by José Cadalso.The genre originated within the music and dance kinds of geographic region, of abundant older origin. Flamenco has been influenced by and becomes related to the itinerant individuals in Spain; but, in contrast to itinerant music in jap Europe, its origin and magnificence is unambiguously Andalusian.

In recent years,[when?] flamenco has become fashionable everywhere around the globe and is schooled in several non-Hispanic countries, particularly u. s. and Japan. In Japan, their square measure additional flamenco academies than their square measure in Espana. On November sixteen, 2010, UN agency declared flamenco one of all the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.


There square measure several suggestions for the origin of the word flamenco as a musical term (summarized below) however no solid proof for any of them. The word wasn’t recorded as a musical and dance term till the late eighteenth century.

One theory is that the Spanish word flamenco may are a spinoff of the Spanish word for flame, that means “fire” or “flame”. The word flamenco might have returned to be used for fiery behavior, that may have returned to be applied to the Gypsy players and performers.

Another theory, planned by geographic area scholar and nationalist Blas Infante in his 1933 book Orígenes American state lo Flamenco y Secreto del Cante Jondo urged that the word flamenco comes if truth be told from the Hispano-Arabic term peasant menu, meaning “expelled peasant”.This term brought up the numerous Andalusians of the Islamic religion, the Moriscos UN agency remained, and so as to avoid spiritual maltreatment, joined with the Roma newcomers.

The Palos of Flamenco

Palos (formerly referred to as cantes) square measure flamenco designs, classified by criteria like prosody, mode, chord progression, stanzaic type and geographic origin. There square measure over fifty completely different Palos, some square measure sung unaccompanied whereas alternatives have a stringed instrument or other accompaniment.

Some forms square measure danced whereas others aren’t. Some square measure reserved for men et al. for ladies whereas some could also be performed by either, tho’ these ancient distinctions square measure breaking down: the Farruca, as an example, once a male dance, is currently unremarkably performed by ladies too.

There square measure some ways to reason Palos however they historically are 3 classes: the foremost serious is thought as cante jondo (or can’t grande), whereas lighter, empty-headed forms square measure known as cante Leonard Marx. Forms that don’t match either class square measure classed as cante intermedio.

These square measure the simplest illustrious Palos:

Bulerías por soleá (soleá por bulerías)
Fandango American state Huelva
Fandango Malagueño

A typical flamenco recital with voice and instrument accompaniment includes a series of things (not specifically “songs”) in various Palos. each song of a bunch of verses (called copla, Tercio, or Letras), that area unit punctuated by instrument interludes referred to as falsetas.The player conjointly provides a brief introduction that sets the musical notation, compás, and tempo of the cante. In some palos, these falsetas are vie with bound structures too; as an example, the standard sevillanas is vie in associate degree AAB pattern, wherever A and B square measure constant falseta with solely a small distinction within the ending.


Flamenco uses the Flamenco mode (which may also be delineated because of the trendy Phrygian mode (modo frigio), or a harmonic version of that scale with a serious third degree), additionally to the most important and minor scales unremarkably utilized in trendy Western music. The Phrygian mode happens in Palos like soleá, most bulerías, siguiriyas, tangos, and tientos.

Descending E Phrygian scale in flamenco music, with common alterations in parentheses
A typical chord sequence, typically referred to as the “Andalusian cadence” may even be viewed as in AN passing modified Phrygian: in E the sequence is Am–G–F–E.[18] keep with Manolo Sanlúcar E is here the tonic, F has the harmonic perform of dominant whereas Am and G assume the functions of note and tone severally.

Guitarists tend to use solely 2 basic inversions or “chord shapes” for the tonic chord (music), the open first inversion E and therefore the open third inversion A, tho’ they typically transpose these by employing a head. trendy guitarists like Ramón Montoya, have introduced various positions: Montoya himself began to use various chords for the tonic among the stylish Dorian sections of the many Palos; F♯ for tarantulas, B for granaínas and A♭ for the minera. Montoya conjointly created a brand new Palo as a solo for a stringed instrument, the rondeña in C♯ with scordatura. Later guitarists have additional extended the repertoire of tonalities, chord positions, and scordatura.

There are Palos in major mode; most cantiñas and alegrías, guajira, some bulerías and tonás, and therefore the cables (a major style of Sigiriya). The secret’s restricted to the Farruca, the milongas (among cantes province international organization agency y vuelta), and some types of tangos, bulerías, etc. ordinarily ancient Palos in major and key area unit restricted harmonically to two-chord (tonic-dominant) or three-chord (tonic–subdominant–dominant) progressions. (Rossy 1998:92) however fashionable guitarists have introduced chord substitution, transition chords, and even modulation.

Fandangos and spinoff Palos like malagueñas, tarantulas and cartageneras square measure bimodal: stringed instrument introductions square measure in Phrygian mode whereas the singing develops in a major key, modulating to Phrygian at the tip of the text. (Rossy 1998:92)


Dionisio Preciado, quoted by Sabas American state Houses established the subsequent characteristics for the melodies of flamenco singing:

1. Microtonality: the presence of intervals smaller than the half step.

2. Portamento: oft, the modification from one note to a different is finished in an exceedingly sleek transition, instead of victimization separate intervals.
3. Short tessitura or range: Most ancient flamenco songs square measure restricted to a spread of a sixth (four tones and a half). The impression of vocal effort is that the results of victimization completely different timbres and selection is accomplished by the employment of microtones.

4. Use of enharmonic scale. whereas in temperament scales, enharmonics square measure notes with identical pitch however completely different spellings (e.g. A♭ and G♯); in flamenco, as in unequal temperament scales, there’s a microtonal intervallic distinction between enharmonic notes.

5. Insistence on a note and its contiguous chromatic notes (also frequent within the guitar), manufacturing a way of urgency.
6. Baroque ornamentation, with associate degree communicative, instead of simply aesthetic perform.
7. Apparent lack of normal rhythm, particularly within the siguiriyas: the melodic rhythm of the sung line is completely different from the metric rhythm of the accompaniment.
8. Most designs categorical unhappy and bitter feelings.
9. Melodic improvisation: flamenco singing isn’t, properly speaking, improvised, however, supported a comparatively tiny range of ancient songs, singers add variations on the spur of the instant.
Musicologist Hipólito Rossy adds the subsequent characteristics (Rossy 1997: 97):

* Flamenco melodies square measure characterized by a descending tendency, as critical, as an example, a typical opera aria, they typically go from the upper pitches to the lower ones, and from forte to piano, as was usual in Ancient Greek scales.

* In several designs, like soleá or siguiriya, the melody tends to proceed in contiguous degrees of the size. Skips of a 3rd or a fourth square measure rarer. However, in fandangos and fandango-derived designs, fourths and sixths will typically be found, particularly at the start of every line of verse. in keeping with Rossy, this can be proof of the newer creation of this kind of songs, influenced by Castilian jota.


Compás is that the Spanish word for a meter or musical notation (in musical style theory). It conjointly refers to the tripping cycle, or layout, of a Palo.

The compás is prime to flamenco. Compás is most frequently translated as rhythm however it demands way more precise interpretation than the other Western kind of music. If there’s no player on the market, the compás is rendered through applause (palmas) or by striking a table with the knuckles. The player uses techniques like strumming (rasgueado) or sound the resonator (golpe). Changes of chords emphasize the foremost vital downbeats.

Flamenco uses 3 basic counts or measures: Binary, Ternary and a type of a twelve-beat cycle that’s distinctive to flamenco. There are free-form designs as well as, among others, the tonás, saetas, malagueñas, tarantos, and a few varieties of fandangos.

* Rhythms in 2/2 or 4 / 4 These meters square measure utilized in forms like tangos, tientos, gypsy rumba, zambra, and tanguillos.
* Rhythms in 3/ 4. These square measure typical of fandangos and sevillanas, suggesting their origin as non-Roma designs, since the 3/4 and 4/4 measures aren’t common in ethnic Roma music.
* 12-beat rhythms sometimes rendered in amalgams of 6/8 + 3/4 and generally 12/8

8. The 12-beat cycle is that the commonest in flamenco, differentiated by the accentuation of the beats in numerous Palos. The accents don’t correspond to the classic conception of the musical rhythm. The alternating of teams of two and three beats is additionally common in Spanish people dances of the sixteenth Century like the zarabanda, jácara, and canarios.
There square measure 3 varieties of 12-beat rhythms, that vary in their layouts, or use of accentuations: soleá, seguiriya, and bulería.

1. peteneras and guajiras: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 each palos begin with the sturdy accent on 12. therefore the meter is 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ..
2. The seguiriya, liviana, serrana, toná liviana, cabales: 121 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
3. soleá, inside the cantiñas cluster of palos which has the alegrías, cantiñas, mirabras, romera, caracoles and soleá por bulería (also “bulería por soleá”): 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 For sensible reasons, once transferring flamenco stringed instrument music to musical composition, this rhythm is written as a daily 3/4.

The Bulerías is that the emblematic Palo of flamenco: these days its 12-beat cycle is most frequently vie with accents on the third, 6th, 8th, tenth and twelfth beats. The incidental palmas square measure vies in teams of half dozen beats, giving rise to a mess of counter-rhythms and music voices inside the twelve beat compás.

(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)


Jazz dance | Jazz dance history | Jazz dance wiki

Jazz dance

Jazz dance originated from the dance of African Americans that were delivered to America as slaves. Originally, the term jazz dance encompassed any dance done to jazz music, furthermore as every regulator dance and jitterbug.
Over time, a clearly outlined jazz genre emerged, dynamic from a street dance to a theatrical dance performed on stage by professionals. Some students and dancers, particularly Swing and lindy dancers, still regard the term jazz dance. it’s a genre that has created specific designs from renowned creators like Bob moat, Jack Cole, and Katherine Dunham. Jazz dance will see these specific designs or suggest to theatrical or character dance.

Some folks assume Jazz dance created new jazz, but really, stage dancing came additional as a response against Ballet. 2 main branches of recent dance were pioneered by dancer and professional dancer.


The term was first accustomed to describe dances done to the new-fangled jazz music of the primary twentieth century, but its origin lies among the dances brought from the continent by slaves shipped to America. At that point, it brought up any dance done to jazz music, including each faucet dance and jitterbug. A shaping feature was it’s “free conversation-like form of improvisation.” Carter, Curtis. “Improvisation in Dance.” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism fifty-eight, no. 2, 181-90. Accessed April twenty-four, 2015.

From the terribly starting of the Twenties, ballet was connected to each, jazz music and recreation, once the term ‘jazz ballet’ was spreading around the world. That was much the start of latest “non-jazz” jazz dance. That was followed by trendy dance-based makes an attempt to outline “modern jazz dance” while not a true affiliation to authentic jazz dance forms. These make an attempt was named jointly “modern jazz dance” by the tip of the Fifties. “Modern jazz dance” was outlined by the tip of the Nineteen Sixties.

During this point, creators from different genres experimented with the design.,including dancer, Agnes First State Mille, Jack Cole, Hanya Holm, Helen Tamiris, Michael Kidd, Robbins|choreographer}, and Bob moat. All of these choreographers influenced jazz by requiring very trained dancers and introducing steps from ballet and stage dancing. In the Fifties, jazz dance was deeply influenced by Caribbean and occupier influences, introduced by Katherine Dunham.


Students acting jazz dance at urban center Institute of Technology and better Education, Mexican capital as a part of Culture Week activities
(This section refers to components of recent Jazz Dance. the weather of different jazz designs will be found intimately on their own entries (Tap Dance, Jitterbug, Swing (dance), Lindy Hop)

Isolations square measure a top quality of movement that was introduced to jazz dance by Katherine Dunham. Isolations square measure the movements in one a part of the body specifically, whereas the opposite components stay still.

A low center of gravity, high energy, isolations, and magnificence square measure all characteristics accustomed to determine jazz dance.[8] different components of jazz dance square measure less common and square measure the stylizations of their individual choreographers. One such example square measure the inverted limbs and hunched-over posture of Bob moat.

Jazz dance is currently competed and performed through North America and lots of different countries across the planet. There square measure many alternative rhetorical preferences seen in jazz dances, like a slow or quick pace, approach, and even music. Jazz recreation will alright be performed to any form of music.

Notable administrators, dancers, and choreographers
Michael aeronaut, director, writer, choreographer, and dancer UN agency was a Tony award winner. A line and Dream women square measure samples of a number of his work.

Busby Berkley, moving-picture show creator within the Nineteen Thirties and Forties renowned for the geometric pattern and changeable arrangements
Jack Cole, thought of the daddy of jazz dance technique. He was a key inspiration to Matt Mattox, Bob Fosse, Jerome Robbins, Gwen Verdon, and lots of different choreographers. he’s attributable to popularizing the theatrical variety of jazz dance along with his nice variety of dance works on tv and street.
Katherine Dunham, associate degree social scientist, choreographer, and pioneer in Black theatrical dance. She introduced isolations to jazz dance.

Eugene Joseph Louis Barrow Facciuto (a.k.a. “Luigi”), associate degree accomplished dancer UN agency, when suffering an incapacitating automobile accident within the Fifties, created a brand new form of jazz dance supported the readying exercises he unreal to bypass his physical handicaps. The exercise routine he created for his own rehabilitation became the world’s 1st complete technique for learning jazz dance.[citation needed]

Bob Fosse, a noted jazz creator UN agency created a brand new variety of jazz dance that was impressed by Fred Astaire and also the burlesque and variety show designs.
Patsy Swayze, creator and dance educator, combining Jazz and Ballet. Swayze based the Houston Jazz troupe and served because of the ballet’s director.

Gus Giordano, associate degree potent jazz dancer and creator primarily based in Chicago, illustrious for his clean, precise movement qualities.
Michael Jackson called “The King of Pop”
Leon James, authentic Jazz dancers from the Nineteen Thirties original member of “Whitey’s lindy hop Hoppers
Gene Kelly, award-winning dance film icon. illustrious for continued his career for over sixty years. Work will be found in Singin’ in the Rain and On the city.
Frankie Manning, lindy, and authentic Jazz dancer and creator

Norma Miller, illustrious worldwide because of the “Queen of Swing” lindy and authentic Jazz dancer and creator
Al Minns, authentic Jazz dancers from the Nineteen Thirties original member of “Whitey’s lindy hop Hoppers
Jerome Robbins, creator of a variety of hit musicals, as well as Peter Pan, The King and that I, Fiddler on the Roof, Gypsy, Funny Girl, and side Story.

Gwen Verdon, illustrious for her roles in Damn Yankees, Chicago, and Sweet Charity.
David Winters illustrious for his role as A-Rab inside Story associate degreed as a victory creator for movies and television programs.
Molly Molloy potent for instructing Great Britain artists like Arlene Philips and lots of members of Hot Gossip Jazz dance technique and choreography.

(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)


Tap dance | Tap dance history | Tap dance wiki

Tap dance

Tap dance could be a sort of dance characterized by victimization the sounds of faucet shoes placing the ground as a sort of percussion. 2 major variations on faucet dance exist: rhythm (jazz) faucet and Great White Way faucet. Great White Way faucet focuses on dance; it’s wide performed in musical. Rhythm faucet focuses on musicalness, and practitioners think about themselves to be a region of the jazz tradition.

The sound is created by shoes that have a metal “tap” on the heel and toe. Their area unit takes issueent|completely different} brands of shoes that typically differ in the manner they sound.

“Soft-shoe” could be a rhythm sort of hoofing that doesn’t need special shoes, and the’ rhythm is generated by the sound of the feet, it additionally uses slippery of the feet (even typically victimization scattered sand on the stage to boost the sound of slippery feet) additional usually than trendy rhythm faucet. It preceded what is presently thought to be the trendy faucet, however, has since declined in quality.


Students acting a faucet dance in Ciudad de Mexico
Tap dance has its roots within the fusion of many ethnic music dances, together with African social group dances, English clog dance and Irish jigs; the relative contribution of various traditions could be a purpose of disagreement among historians and dance students. Tap dance is believed to possess begun within the mid-1800s throughout the increase of minstrel shows. far-famed as Master Juba, chemist Lane became one amongst the few black performers to affix associate degree otherwise white minstrel organization and is widely thought of to be one amongst the foremost far-famed forebears of faucet dance.

As the minstrel shows began to say no in quality, faucet dance touched to the progressively standard variety stage. thanks to the two-colored rule, that forbade black individuals from acting solo, the bulk of variety faucet acts were duets. This gave rise to the far-famed combine “Buck and Bubbles”, that consisted of John “Bubbles” Sublett hoofing and Ford “Buck” Washington on piano.

The couple formed the “class act”, a routine within which the performers wore impeccable tuxedos, that has since become a standard theme in faucet dance. The move is seen by some as a rebuttal to the older troupe plan of the faucet dancer as a “grinning-and-dancing clown.” John “Bubbles” Sublett is additionally acknowledged splendidly for popularizing rhythm faucet which includes additional music heel drops and lower-body movements.

Another notable figure to emerge throughout this era is Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, UN agency was a protégé of Alice Whitman of the Whitman Sisters around 1904 (then ‘Willie Robinson’). Well-versed in each Buck and Wing diversion and Irish step-dancing, Bill Robinson joined the variety circuit in 1902, in an exceedingly couple with George W. Cooper. The act quickly became far-famed, headlining events across the country, and itinerant England still.

In 1908, however, the 2 had associate degree words, and therefore the partnership was concluded. Gambling on his quality, Robinson determined to create a solo act, that was extraordinarily rare for an adult male at that point. Despite this, he had tremendous success and shortly became a world-famous celebrity. He went on to possess a number one role in several films, notably in movies major Shirley Temple Black.

Shortly after thenceforth, the saint Brothers came on the scene. Consisting of real-life brothers Fayard and Harold, this team wowed audiences with their athletic feats incorporated into their stylish kind of diversion. They ne’er looked but suave and were continually in the total management of their diversion, even in childhood numbers like Stormy Weather. A notable scene within the motion-picture show Stormy Weather options the combine diversion up a step then declivitous the steps in an exceedingly series of leapfrogs over one another into a full split from that they rise while not victimization their hands.

During the Nineteen Thirties faucet dance mixed with social dancing. “Flying swing-outs” and “flying circles” area unit social dancing moves with faucet footwork. in the mid- the too late Fifties, the fashion of amusement modified. Jazz music and faucet dance declined, whereas rock and roll and therefore the modern jazz dance emerged. what’s currently referred to as jazz dance evolved out of faucet dance, thus each dance has several moves in common? however, jazz evolved on an individual basis from faucet dance to become a brand new kind in its claim. Well-known dancers throughout the Sixties and Seventies enclosed Arthur dancer and Tommy Tune.

No Maps on My faucets, the honor victory PBS documentary of 1979, helped begin the recent revival of faucet dance. The outstanding success of the animated film, Happy Feet, has additionally strengthened the popular attractiveness. National faucet Dance Day at u. s., currently celebrated might twenty-five, was signed into law by President George Bush on Nov seven, 1989. (May twenty-five was chosen as a result of it’s the birthday of far-famed tapper Bill “Bojangles” Robinson.) outstanding trendy faucet dancers have enclosed Sarah Reich, Brenda Bufalino, Melinda Sullivan, The Clark Brothers, Savion Glover, Gregory and Maurice Hines, LaVaughn Robinson, mythical being Samuels Smith, Chloe Arnold, Michelle Dorrance, Dulé Hill and Dianne “Lady Di” Walker.

Indie-pop band Tilly {and the|and therefore the|and additionally the} Wall also options a faucet dancer, Jamie Pressnall, sound as percussion. An additional gift day, important, dancer is Anthony Morigerato. some samples of his accomplishments area unit as follows: he’s the manager director and creator for the big apple town based mostly AM Productions, a player in Michael Minery’s “Tapaholics,” has performed on stages everywhere the globe associate degreed even created a look on NBC’s America’s Got Talent, associate degreed has served as a person and master teacher for multiple dance organizations throughout the state since 1999.


Tap dancers build frequent use of syncopation. Choreography generally starts on the eighth or 1st beat count. Another facet of hoofing is improvisation. hoofing will either be finished music following the beats provided or while not musical accompaniment; the latter is thought as “a cappella faucet dancing”.

Hoofers area unit faucet dancers UN agency dance primarily “closer to the floor”, victimization largely footwork and not showing pretty much arm or body movement. This kind of hoofing, additionally referred to as rhythm faucet, was used by slaves in America.[citation needed] as a result of the slaves were usually not allowed to follow their own culture and customs, they mixed their sort of diversion with Irish stepdance to make faucet dances that would be hidden from slave homeowners and overseers.

This can be the origin of the faucet and what later evolved into (what the general public grasp as faucet now) “show tap”, as a result of it uses additional arm movement. this manner evolved as a result of show faucet was thought to be additional exciting to observe and have become far-famed once show faucet was placed on Great White Way.

Steve Condos developed associate degree innovative cadenced faucet vogue that influenced the work of later faucet dancers like Gregory Hines and Savion Glover. the bulk of early hoofers, like Sammy Davis son., Glover, Hines, and LaVaughn Robinson were African Yankee men.[citation needed] Savion Glover helped bring faucet dance into thought media by choreographing Happy Feet, a movie a couple of hoofing sphenisciform seabird. Another well-known faucet film is 1989’s faucet, major Gregory Hines and lots of olde worlde hoofers.

Early tappers like role player provided an additional room look to hoofing, whereas role player introduced ballet parts and elegance into the faucet. This kind of faucet LED to what’s nowadays called Great White Way vogue, that is standard in Yankee culture. It usually involves high heeled faucet shoes and show music, and is sometimes the sort of faucet 1st tutored by beginners. samples of this vogue area unit found in Great White Way musicals like something Goes and Forty-second Street.

Common faucet steps embody the shuffle, shuffle ball modification, double shuffle, leap shuffle, hop shuffle, flap, flap ball modification, running flaps, flap heel, cramproll, buffalo, Maxi Ford, maxi Ford with a pullback, pullbacks, wings, Cincinnati, the wedge sham shimmy (also referred to as the Lindy), Irish, waltz clog, the paddle roll, the drum roll, stomp, brushes, scuffs, spanks, riffs, and single and double toe punches, hot steps, heel clicks, time steps, over-the-tops, military time step, New Yorkers, Shiggy Bops, drawbacks, and chugs. In advanced hoofing, basic steps area unit usually combined along to make new steps.

several steps even have single, double, and triple versions, together with pullbacks, timesteps, and disadvantages. In tap, numerous kinds of turns are often done, together with step heel turns, maxi Ford turns, cramp roll turns, and drag turns. Timesteps area unit wide employed in the faucet and may vary in several areas. These encompass a rhythm that’s modified to create new timesteps by adding or removing steps.

Tap dancing can even be done victimization associate degree a cappella technique, within which no voice is provided and dancers making their own “music” through the sounds of their faucets.

In cluster faucet dances, the steps area unit generally unbroken easy and straightforward to regulate. The cluster of dancers should work along to make the sound, keeping their steps at the right speed to match one another.

Tap shoes

In the earliest years of hoofing, faucet shoes usually had wood soles, but most faucet shoes since have had animal skin soles. Today, it’s common for makers of faucet shoes to additionally turn out and fix faucets. There area unit a range of designs of a shoe, the Oxford shoe being quite common in jazz dance, and marijuana (shoe) is common for young women in faucet categories. Tap shoe manufacturers embody composer and Capezio.


Metallic faucets were superimposed to faucet shoes in 1910. Before that faucet shoes used wood to provide a definite sound. bones were usually used for larger shows with full orchestration. betting on manufacturer and model, faucet characteristics will vary significantly. as an example, some faucets have comparatively low weight and tiny footprint, whereas others are also thicker and fill out the sting of the shoe additional, creating them heavier as a result. A tap’s “tone” is influenced by its weight still as its surface form, which can be cup-shaped or umbellate. The tonal quality of a faucet can even be influenced by the fabric it’s made of, and therefore the presence of a resonating chamber (though there’s some dialogue whether or not this affects the sound).

Taps area unit mounted to the only of the shoe with screws, and typically adhesive still. The screws area unit driven into a resonating chamber – a skinny fibreboard integrated into the only which will be firmly “gripped” by the screws – to faithfully attach the faucet to the shoe. once no adhesive is employed, the screws are often disentangled or tightened to provide completely different sounds, whereas tonal quality is fastened once adhesive is employed.

(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)

Contemporary - dance

Contemporary dance | Contemporary dance wiki

Contemporary Dance

Contemporary dance was developed throughout the middle twentieth century and it’s since adult to become one in all the dominant genres for formally trained dancers throughout the globe, with notably robust quality within the U.S. and Europe. though originally knowing and borrowing from classical, modern, and jazz designs, it’s since come back to include parts from several sorts of dance. Due to its technical similarities, it’s usually seemed to be closely associated with stage dancing, ballet, and alternative classical choreography designs.

In terms of the main focus of its technique, modern dance tends to mix the robust however controlled legwork of ballet with fashionable that stresses on the body. It also employs contract-release, floor work, fall and recovery, and improvisation characteristics of contemporary dance. Unpredictable changes in rhythm, speed, and direction square measure usually used, as well. in addition, modern dance generally incorporates parts of non-western dance cultures, like parts from African dance together with bent knees, or movements from the Japanese modern dance, Butoh.

Contemporary dance attracts every ballet and saltation, whereas postmodernist dance was a direct and opposite response to salvation. the professional dancer is taken into account to be the primary creator to “develop associate freelance perspective towards fashionable dance” and defy the concepts that were established by it. In 1944 dancer accompanied his dance with music by Cage, UN agency discovered that Cunningham’s dance “no longer depends on linear elements (…) nor can it take into account a movement towards and removed from the climax.

As in abstract painting, it’s assumed that part (a movement, a sound, an amendment of light) is in and of itself expressive; what it communicates is in massive half determined by the observer themselves.” dancer fashioned the professional dancer Dance Company in 1953 and went on to form over 100 and fifty works for the corporate, several of that are performed internationally by ballet and stage dancing firms.

Cunningham’s key concepts

  1. Contemporary dance will refuse the classical ballet’s leg technique in favor of contemporary dance’s stress on the body
  2.  Contemporary dance isn’t essentially narrative kind of art
    The choreography that seems disordered, however still depends on the technique
  3.  Unpredictable changes in rhythm, speed, and direction
    Multiple and coincident actions
  4. Suspension of perspective and symmetry in ballet scenic frame perspectives like front, center, and hierarchies
  5.  Creative freedom
    “Independence between dance and music”
    Dance to be danced, not analyzed
  6.  Innovative lighting, sets, and costumes together with Andy Warhol, Henry Martyn Robert Rauschenberg, and Jasper Johns
    Other pioneers of latest dance (the offspring of contemporary and postmodern) embrace Ruth St. Denis, Greek deity Humphrey, Virgin Mary Wigman, Francois Delsarte, Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, Paul Taylor, Rudolph von choreographer, Loie Fuller, Jose Limon and Marie Rambert.

Choreographer’s role

There is sometimes a creator WHO makes the inventive selections associated decides whether or not the piece is an abstract or a narrative one. Dancers square measure selected supported their talent and coaching. The choreography is decided supported its reference to the music or sounds that are danced to. The role of music in modern dance is completely different from in alternative genres as a result of it will function a scenery to the piece. The creator has management over the costumes and their aesthetic price for the general composition of the performance and additionally with reference to however they influence dancers’ movements.

Dance technique

Contemporary - dance
Dance techniques and movement philosophies utilized in modern dance might embrace modern ballet, Dance improvisation, stage dancing designs from us like Graham technique, Humphrey-Weidman technique, and Horton technique, stage dancing of Europe Bartenieff Fundamentals and also the dance technique of Duncan (also see Free dance).

Contemporary dancers train mistreatment of modern dance techniques moreover as non-dance connected practices like Pilates, Yoga, the acting observe of Corporeal mime – Étienne Decroux technique and corporeal practices like Alexander technique, Feldenkrais methodology, Sullivan Technique and Franklin-Methode, yank modern techniques like José Limón technique and Hawkins technique and postmodernist dance techniques like Contact improvisation and dance technique, and unharness technique.

Some well-known choreographers and creators of latest dance created faculties and techniques of their own. Paul Taylor developed a dance technique known as Taylor technique, that is currently tutored at stage dancing faculties just like the choreographer college in big apple town.



(Shahinul Islam Uzzal)